45.Power of judicial authority to refer parties to arbitration.

—Notwithstanding anything contained in Part I or in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), a judicial authority, when seized of an action in a matter in respect of which the parties have made an agreement referred to in section 44, shall, at the request of one of the parties or any person claiming through or under him, refer the parties to arbitration, unless it finds that the said agreement is null and void, inoperative or incapable of being performed.”

                                           Issue of  Non-Arbitrability of dispute

Reference to the following cases cited below 
a) Indian Oil Corporation Limited v. NCC Limited (2022) SCC OnLine SC 896

b) Emaar India Ltd v. Tarun Aggarwal Projects LLP And Anr. (2022) SCC OnLine SC
1328

c) Ms. Sancorp Confectionary Pvt. Ltd. & Anr. v. M/s Gumlink A/S, (2012) SCC
OnLine Del 5507

When in a case the issues arises whether  arbitration agreement was null and void, inoperative or incapable of being performed within the meaning of Section 45 of the A&C Act.

Refer to  Shin-Etsu Chemical Co. Ltd. v. Aksh Optifibre Ltd., (2005) 7 SCC 234

 

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