What is default bail?

What is Default bail  and whats the provision of law ?

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What is default bail  is a  question  asked very often . A default bail under Section 167(2) of the CrPC in simple words can be said in cases when   chargesheet is still not filed within the prescribed time period . Apart from that in  cases  the right  to default bail would arise when  the  prosecution files a preliminary or an  incomplete chargesheet, within the period prescribed for offences mentioned therein only to defeat the cause of bail .

How is Article 21 of the constitution of India and Section 167(2) CrPc connected 

Under Article 21 of the Constitution of India,  has its  co-relation with 167(2) of the CrPC which is fundamental rights , of right to life and liberty . There are  many Judicial precedents of the Hon’ble Supreme Court and various High Courts  which have laid emphasis on the co relation between the two.

It is important to keep in mind that  Section 167 of the CrPC  deals with investigation and not about cognizance by the Magistrate.

Is there a concept of automatic bail due to failure in filing charge sheet within prescribed time?

Yes,  when there is  failure on the part of investigation  to file the charge sheet within the prescribed 90/60 day period, as the case may be , that in  itself would result in automatic grant of default bail.

When does the time start for calculation of default bail?

When the  Magistrate remands  the accused person or persons from that day onwards , and within the time   no charge sheet filed within 60 or 90 days  as is contemplated under section Section 167 (2)(a)(ii) of the CrPC,

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